Air-Gapped Systems Targeted with Weaponized USBs

Infosecurity Magazine | June 25, 2018

A cyber-espionage group has been weaponizing presumably secure USB drives to target air-gapped critical systems. The Tick group, discovered by researchers at Palo Alto Networks Unit 42, reportedly targets organizations from Japan and South Korea with custom malware, including Minzen, Datper, Nioupale (aka Daserf), and HomamDownloader. Though the type of USB drive compromised in the attack was supposed to be certified as secure by the South Korean ITSCC, the Tick group loaded malicious files onto the USBs. The number of drives compromised remains unknown. “The weaponization of a secure USB drive is an uncommon attack technique and likely done in an effort to spread to air-gapped systems, which are systems that do not connect to the public internet,” Unit 42 wrote. Without possession of a compromised USB drive or access to the malicious file, Unit 42 could not detail all sequences in the attack. Researchers said it is also unclear whether the devices were corrupted through the supply chain or post-manufacturing. Based on what they have observed, researchers said that the infection process begins with a Trojanized version of legitimate software that starts monitoring storage devices when executed. "This particular attack bears all the signs of a very specific targeted attack designed to infect particular institutes or machines – not too dissimilar to Stuxnet,” said Javvad Malik, security advocate at AlienVault. “Employees that work in sensitive organizations that have air-gapped networks should be particularly vigilant against plugging in devices. In some cases, even approved USB drives should be tested in a separate environment prior to being loaded in secure areas.” In part, the rapid pace of digital transformation enables these types of attacks as air gap is removed and modern ICS networks are connected not only to the larger enterprise but to third parties as well.

Spotlight

It’s really quite simple: The more attack vectors that go unnoticed and the longer we allow attackers time to exploit our systems and infrastructure, the greater their chance for success. It’s on us to close that opportunity.


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DATA SECURITY

DoControl Integrates with Box to Transform SaaS Data Access Security

DoControl | August 03, 2022

DoControl, the automated Software as a Service (SaaS) security company, today announced an expanded integration with Box, the leading Content Cloud, that adds a foundational layer of granular controls to protect sensitive data and provide comprehensive data access security. The solution further secures cross-application, business-critical data, and files accessed by every identity and entity, both internal employees and external collaborators, allowing for content collaboration to be achieved securely. Recent research found that nearly half of enterprise tech leaders find too much time is spent on manually provisioning and managing apps. In addition, it found other pain points around managing SaaS, including a lack of visibility, data exposure, and unmanageable access. DoControl No-Code SaaS Security Workflows Engine supports organizations in mitigating ongoing risk consistently, with the customization level required to effectively balance security with business enablement. "By partnering with Box, we will help customers confidently maintain business continuity and mitigate the risk of data breaches, overexposure, and exfiltration. "Security teams can effectively extend least privilege to the SaaS data layer and utilize a risk-based approach in securing their Box instances through the prioritization of identities that present higher levels of risk." Adam Gavish, CEO and Co-Founder of DoControl "Organizations today need products that are inherently secure to support employees working from anywhere," said Fred Klein, Vice President of Business and Corporate Development at Box. "At Box, we continuously strive to improve our integrations with third-party apps so that it's easier than ever for customers to use Box alongside best-in-class solutions. With today's integration with DoControl, we are taking that mission one step further to enable our joint customers to have more granular security controls over who has access to their business-critical content." Key joint solution capabilities include: Comprehensive asset management: Gain full awareness of every entity that is accessing corporate data within Box to identify what needs to be protected; Real-time monitoring and control: Monitor every user activity in real-time, with self-service tooling to detect and respond to immediate threats; Automated remediation: Establish data access control workflows that are future-proofed, consistently enforced, and allow for secure file sharing between all internal and external users. About DoControl Founded in 2020 and headquartered in New York, DoControl is an automated data access controls platform for SaaS applications, improving security and operational efficiency with ease for enterprises. DoControl is backed by investors Insight Partners, StageOne Ventures, Cardumen Capital, RTP Global and global cybersecurity leader CrowdStrike's early stage investment fund, the CrowdStrike Falcon Fund. The company's leadership team combines product, engineering and sales experience across cybersecurity, enterprise and SaaS innovators.

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WEB SECURITY TOOLS

Indusface Enhances its Web Application & API Protection (WAAP) platform AppTrana with Industry's First Risk-Based Protection to APIs

Indusface | May 19, 2022

Indusface, a leading application security SaaS company that continually detects security risks, provides real-time protection, and improves the performance of Websites and Applications, today announced that it is adding Risk-Based API Protection to its WAAP platform, AppTrana. APIs are the lifeline of the digital economy with many companies adopting the API-first approach. However, the growth of APIs is also opening up new risk vectors that they are not aware of. According to Gartner, more than 90% of applications have more attack surface exposed through API than UI and by 2022, API Abuse will move from an infrequent to the most-frequent attack vector, resulting in data breaches for enterprise web applications. Indusface is revolutionizing the API security space by building on its API Protection capabilities. The company is doing so through the most comprehensive API protection to date by extending its risk-based approach to the same. "AppTrana's risk-based approach is unique and something that resonates with our customers. What customers are really interested in is knowing how well their application is protected based on the risk posture of their application. Building on this, we are now enhancing our API Protection capabilities by providing a risk-based approach to API security which we believe would revolutionize the market. With this, customers will be able to identify vulnerabilities found in their public APIs and quickly correlate how these are protected through API-specific policies and positive security policies applied in AppTrana providing the most comprehensive protection for APIs." Ashish Tandon, Founder and CEO, Indusface As with any security, you can protect only what you know and protection is as strong as the weakest link. The major challenges with APIs are discoverability and the ability to understand the context of APIs so that security can be tailored accordingly. It is to address these challenges that Indusface is enhancing its API protection in AppTrana. Collectively through a multi-step approach, customers get to discover APIs, understand risk posture and ensure comprehensive protection of APIs. With Indusface AppTrana's Risk-based API Protection, you get: To understand the risk posture of the APIs through unlimited automated API scans including manual tests for identifying business logic vulnerabilities. This enables organization to understand the weakest links of the APIs and get clear visibility around how these links are protected. Visibility into API traffic patterns and discovery of shadow APIs, so that you are no longer blindsided by what you don't know To protect APIs with API-specific rules written specifically to protect against OWASP Top 10 API vulnerabilities Behavioral-based protection against DDoS attacks on APIs by analyzing API traffic pattern Behavioral-based protection against BOT attacks Positive security for APIs through analysis of swagger (OpenAPI 2.0) files and creation of automated positive security policies Accurate, real-time view of vulnerabilities blocked by API specific rules, positive security policies, custom rules, and those that need fixes in the application About Indusface Indusface is a leading application security SaaS company that secures critical Web, Mobile, and API applications of 3000+ global customers using its award-winning fully managed platform that integrates web application scanner, web application firewall, DDoS & BOT Mitigation, CDN, and threat intelligence engine. Indusface has been funded by Tata Capital Growth Fund II, is the only vendor to be named Gartner Peer Insights™ Customers' Choice' in all the 7 segments for Voice of Customer WAAP (Web Application and API Protection) Report 2022, is a "Great Place to Work" certified SaaS product company, is PCI, ISO27001, SOC 2, GDPR certified, and has been the recipient of many prestigious start-up awards such as the Economic Times Top 25, NASSCOM DSCI Top Security Company, Deloitte Asia Top 100, among others.

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PLATFORM SECURITY

Cerby Launches With World’s First Security Platform for Unmanageable Applications

Cerby | June 28, 2022

Cerby officially launched today with the world’s first security platform for unmanageable applications and an approach that enhances security practices by empowering both employees and security teams. The Cerby Zero Trust architecture takes on the challenges of unmanageable applications in the shadow IT universe—technologies that are selected and onboarded by business units outside the purview and visibility of the IT department, or don’t support industry standards like SAML for authentication and SCIM for user provisioning. The Cerby offering is very different from other options on the market because it moves security automation capabilities into the hands of business users—in effect, it balances empowerment and autonomy with security and productivity. The company, which has been operating in stealth mode since 2020, already has early customers—including Fox, L’Oréal, MiSalud, Dentsu, Televisa, and Wizeline—where the technology is used to address common application liabilities efficiently while facilitating collaboration. It also announced today $12 million in seed funding from Ridge Ventures, Bowery Capital, Okta Ventures, Salesforce Ventures and others, bringing total funding to $15.5 million. “Our goal at Cerby is simple but sweeping: To increase productivity for enterprises by empowering employees to use the technologies they prefer while automating compliance and security,” said Co-Founder and CEO, Belsasar Lepe. “In this era of IT consumerization, employee choice and enterprise security are not mutually exclusive—with the right tools and strategies, they go hand-in-hand. When business professionals get real autonomy, security becomes everyone’s responsibility, rather than just one of many priorities for the IT department. The Cerby platform for unmanageable applications enables organizations to boost efficiency, comply with existing policies and reduce exposure to cyberattacks—it’s truly a win-win-win.” Cerby’s enrollment-based platform combines proprietary technology, robotic process automation (RPA) and seamless integrations with identity providers like Okta and Azure AD. This powerful functionality enables the platform to understand commonly used SaaS applications in a business context, and automate security policies before they lead to breaches. The scale of the problem is undeniable, in part because while employees choose the applications, they don’t pay for them. Analyst firms, such as Everest Group report that shadow IT spending represents 50% or more of the overall IT outlay in large enterprises. Meanwhile, teams preferring application autonomy are twice as likely to prioritize productivity over security. Cerby’s own research confirms this trend. The company just commissioned its own study of this critical subject, and the preliminary findings show how much attitudes have hardened with regard to employee choices. The comprehensive study of over 500 business professionals in North America and the UK employed by companies with more than $100M in annual revenue, conducted in partnership with Osterman Research, reveals that a staggering 91% of respondents believe they should have full control over the applications they purchase. On a related note, 52% want the company or IT department to “just get out of the way,” and when employers disallow applications desired by end users, respondents say it will “negatively affect” the way work gets done. To be clear, these perspectives are not emerging from a vacuum. More than three quarters of the companies surveyed, 78%, have policies in place regarding which applications employees can and cannot use, and just over half the respondents report knowledge or experience of particular applications being disallowed. These actions don’t necessarily go down well with employees: 68% ask for an alternative solution, preferably one that is stress-free and automated; 35% seek an alternative of their own, while stating that it negatively affects the way work is done; and 42% “demand a good reason” for the ban. “We chose Cerby because we needed a secure and centralized place to manage access to our paid social accounts. “Because Cerby can seamlessly integrate with our organization’s single sign-on technology and also connect to the social platforms’ APIs, we are able to create organizational efficiencies by granting and removing access within one place. Additionally, the automated access removal of employees who have left the company provides a level of security we did not previously have.” Nina Donnard, AVP, Paid Social, L’Oreal The issue of unmanageable applications within the organization is particularly sensitive because it puts two forces—employee autonomy and corporate security—in direct conflict. The C-suite—enterprise CIOs, CMOs, CISOs—wants security to be frictionless; when security teams take a heavy-handed approach, they often end up blocking key applications and negatively affecting productivity. This encompasses three core problems, which are sometimes contradictory. They feature: Brand risk (including errors, cyberattacks, and fraud); non-compliance (corporate policy, contracts, and industry/government regulations); and inefficient processes (insufficient resources; inconsistent, error-prone access reviews; extraneous steps and wasted time). Cerby steps into this chasm with numerous capabilities to plug security, compliance and productivity gaps. For example, end users can log in securely to any application, even those that don’t support SSO natively, store log-in data, and share this information securely with collaborators. At the same time, IT and security teams can set policy at the application, team, and company level. Throughout this process, Cerby is actively monitoring connected applications to ensure they are securely configured to meet corporate security standards for two factor authentication, password complexity and many other commonly missed security settings. “I love that Cerby solves a problem every CIO faces: unmanageable applications,” said Yousuf Khan, Partner at Ridge Ventures and former CIO. “When non-IT employees use unauthorized applications, they might be gaining productivity, but they are also unlocking a Pandora’s box of security vulnerabilities. The pandemic only made it worse: 71% of users in the US now acquire their own applications to do their jobs. Cerby is the first solution I’ve seen that significantly reduces the risk of these unmanageable applications by applying zero trust principles and automating the entire application lifecycle. The best part of it is that it’s not a top-down, managerial edict: Employees become an active and motivated part of the solution. Business professionals get the power to choose their applications, productivity gets a boost, and the company ensures security and compliance–everyone wins. Other cybersecurity products demand enforcement; Cerby encourages enrollment. This is the best way to enhance employee trust and increase productivity.” The technology is designed to help teams in diverse disciplines use the applications they choose while ensuring security. For example, marketing teams can now securely use any social platforms they prefer—Cerby provides a single place to add and remove access for employees and third-party agencies instead of signing into multiple social accounts and sharing passwords. In other fields, such as finance, Cerby provides an easy way for CFOs and their teams to securely manage access to bank accounts and credit lines without having to share passwords. About Cerby Cerby delivers the world’s first platform built to positively guide employees' security behaviors no matter which applications they use. We protect brands around the world, including some of the most recognizable businesses, by taking an approach that empowers both employees and security teams, using Zero Trust principles. Our proprietary technology uses robotic process automation to understand applications in a business context and automatically enforces security best practices before misconfigurations turn into breaches. Cerby is a must-have for technology executives and their teams to protect the brand, stay secure and increase productivity.

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SOFTWARE SECURITY

Bluum Launches Comprehensive Cybersecurity Offering to Schools

Bluum | June 14, 2022

Bluum, North America's leading education technology solutions provider, recently announced the launch of a comprehensive cybersecurity offering to schools. Cybersecurity needs and solutions for schools have evolved in recent years – even beyond those brought about by hybrid and remote learning – so Bluum responded with security solutions for people, processes and technology. According to the SecurityScorecard 2018 report, education ranks last out of 17 industries in terms of cybersecurity, demonstrating that a legacy solution that only includes a first-generation firewall and antivirus software has long been rendered obsolete. Since 2016, there have been more than 1,300 publicly disclosed attacks in the U.S., which averages out to more than one K-12 cyber incident per school day. More than three million students have been affected by cybersecurity breakdowns since February 2018, with education institutions spending an average of $2.73 million to address the impact of a ransomware attack. "With limited budgets, highly skilled IT personnel and time, K-12 organizations are hard-pressed to create a solid cybersecurity plan. "Cybersecurity is an incredibly technical and extensive area in IT that is rapidly evolving and needs to stay ahead of ever-evolving attack methods. Historically, school IT budget constraints have resulted in ineffective and outdated systems, so Bluum has developed comprehensive countermeasures to fill that void." Bluum Vice President of Product Strategy and Growth Andre Vashilko Whether cybersecurity incidents are caused externally or self-inflicted, Bluum can assist in preventative measures before, during and after the incidents and attacks. To get started, Bluum has debuted easy-to-use services to help schools assess their cybersecurity needs and identify immediate and future solutions. Vulnerability scans and penetration testing will detect critical areas of concern and exposure in the infrastructure, while a complementary customer survey will provide further insights into a school's specific needs. About Bluum Bluum empowers educators with technology solutions that improve learning and make it more accessible, assisting more than 27 million students grow and flourish.

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Spotlight

It’s really quite simple: The more attack vectors that go unnoticed and the longer we allow attackers time to exploit our systems and infrastructure, the greater their chance for success. It’s on us to close that opportunity.

Resources