Cisco's 6 Unpatched Internal Servers Compromised

Cisco | June 01, 2020

  • Cisco's six servers that were compromised are used to support Internet Routing Lab Personal Edition, or VIRL-PE, and Modeling Labs Corporate Edition .

  • The exploitability of the vulnerabilities in the six servers depends upon how the products that the servers' support are enabled.

  • We expect that any competent hacker will be able to create 100% reliable exploits for these issues in under 24 hours.


Six internal servers that Cisco uses to support its virtual networking service were compromised earlier this month after the company failed to patch two SaltStack zero day vulnerabilities, according to a security advisory sent to customers this week. Cisco gave no details on exactly what, if any, damage was done as a result of the attacks, but said a "limited set of customers" was impacted. If exploited, these zero-day vulnerabilities potentially could have allowed an attacker to gain full remote code execution within the servers. In its Thursday advisory, Cisco states that on April 29, the Salt Open Core team informed those using the SaltStack open-source configuration management and orchestration tool about two critical-rated vulnerabilities, an authentication bypass flaw, CVE-2020-11651, and a directory traversal problem, CVE-2020-11652.


Cisco applied the patch in May, and a limited set of customers were impacted by exploitation attempts of the vulnerability," a company spokesperson tells Information Security Media Group. Despite this warning, Cisco placed six servers in service on May 7 that were not patched against these vulnerabilities, and the servers were immediately attacked, the company acknowledges. The vulnerabilities in SaltStack were originally uncovered by security firm F-Secure, which describes them as allowing an attacker "to bypass all authentication and authorization controls and publish arbitrary control messages, read and write files anywhere on the 'master' server file system and steal the secret key used to authenticate to the master as root. The impact is full remote command execution as root on both the master and all minions that connect to it.



Read more: COVID-19 PANDEMIC MOVES ORGANIZATIONS TO INCREASE CYBERSECURITY SPENDING

A software component of the Cisco Virtual Internet Routing Lab service was affected by a third-party software vulnerability that was disclosed in late April. Cisco applied the patch in May, and a limited set of customers were impacted by exploitation attempts of the vulnerability.

~ Information Security Media Group.


SaltStack published its own advisory on April 20 and patched the vulnerabilities the following week with the release of versions 2019.2.4 and 3000.2, Alex Peay, a senior vice president at SaltStack, tells ISMG. Cisco's six servers that were compromised are used to support Internet Routing Lab Personal Edition, or VIRL-PE, and Modeling Labs Corporate Edition, or CML, a platform that enables engineers to emulate various Cisco operating systems, including IOS, IOS XR, and NX-OS, Cisco says in the advisory. The exploitability of the vulnerabilities in the six servers depends upon how the products that the servers' support are enabled.

Attackers will often review the code and look at what changes have been made in a patch or release update to determine how the fix was applied.


The company advises those using Cisco CML and Cisco VIRL-PE software releases 1.5 and 1.6, which have the salt-master service reachable on TCP ports 4505 and 4506, to inspect the software for compromise, re-image it and then patch it with the latest update. We expect that any competent hacker will be able to create 100% reliable exploits for these issues in under 24 hours," F-Secure says. Peay of SaltStack added that exploits immediately began to show up after the patches were released and publicized as malicious actors attempted to take advantage of the zero-day vulnerabilities before companies were able to install patches. Scott Caveza, research engineering manager at the security firm Tenable, offers a quick rundown of how threat actors use patch information to crack a system. Then working backwards, they can use this information to develop a working exploit and begin scanning and probing for targets across the internet.


SaltStack went to great lengths to communicate the problem to its users and offer tools so mitigation efforts were conducted properly, Peay says. This included direct assistance for those lacking skills handling SaltStack along with a service that would scan to validate that the patches were properly applied, he adds. Some security experts question why Cisco did not immediately patch its servers when it was notified of the zero day vulnerabilities. "There are management tools that can help with the automation of checking, but even that requires someone setting it up to check for a version of software on a set of servers, so in the end it's the IT person who has to do the work," says Jayant Shukla, CTO and co-founder of K2 Cyber Security. Caveza of Tenable notes identifying systems that need a patch involves IT staff checking the version of SaltStack and verifying that versions 2019.2.4, 3000.2 or later have been applied. He points out that plugins are available to assist with this task.


Read more: AI IS CRITICAL FOR AUTOMATION OF CYBERSECURITY THREAT DETECTION AND PREVENTION

Spotlight

Network Security Assessment is a holistic available service that scans the entire network to identify the potential vulnerabilities with a history of delivering viable solutions to diverse customer base.


Other News
PLATFORM SECURITY

Trend Micro Unites Industry With Most Powerful and Complete Security Platform

Trend Micro | April 26, 2022

Trend Micro Incorporated , a global cybersecurity leader, announced the launch of Trend Micro One, a unified cybersecurity platform with a growing list of ecosystem technology partners that enables customers to better understand, communicate, and lower their cyber risk. Organizations are battling on all fronts to face mounting cyber risks from their complex and growing attack surface with stretched teams and siloed security products. The unified security platform approach delivers a continuous lifecycle of risk and threat assessment with attack surface discovery, cyber risk analysis, and threat mitigation and response. Inaugural partners of the Trend Micro One technology ecosystem include: Bit Discovery, Google Cloud, Microsoft, Okta, Palo Alto Networks, ServiceNow, Slack, Qualys, Rapid7, Splunk, and Tenable. "We are so proud that ecosystem partners value integrating into our platform. Collectively we help enterprises fight the bad guys known as cybercriminals. Alone we are strong, but together our industry is unstoppable in helping customers eliminate security gaps anywhere, identify internal and external enterprise assets, and take critical steps to mitigate them. Kevin Simzer, COO of Trend Micro According to Gartner®, "vendors are increasingly acquiring or developing these adjacent technologies and integrating them into a single platform. The benefits are best realized when this integration minimizes consoles and configuration planes and reuses components (e.g., endpoint agents) and information.1" "We all know that digital transformation is table stakes for the post-pandemic enterprise. But this comes with additional risks: a bigger target for threat actors to aim at and more visibility and security coverage gaps for them to hide in," said Jeremiah Grossman, CEO of Bit Discovery. "Trend Micro's approach stands out from the crowd — notably with its blend of multiple sources of asset and risk visibility, including external attack surface visibility powered by Bit Discovery. Trend Micro's platform helps customers quickly get a prioritized and comprehensive understanding of their attack surface." As a unified platform, Trend Micro One delivers powerful risk assessment capabilities, but the ecosystem partners extend that to make it the most complete in the industry. Joint customers benefit from truly connected visibility, better detection and response capabilities, and comprehensive protection across security layers and systems. Trend Micro One supports this approach by enabling customers to: Discover the attack surface: Identify, monitor, and profile cyber assets in customers' environments. Understand and continuously assess risk: Analyze risk exposure, the status of vulnerabilities, the configuration of security controls, and types of threat activity. Effectively mitigate risk: Ensure the right preventative controls and take swift action to mitigate risk and remediate attacks across the enterprise by leveraging Trend Micro's threat and risk intelligence. About Trend Micro Trend Micro, a global cybersecurity leader, helps make the world safe for exchanging digital information. Fueled by decades of security expertise, global threat research, and continuous innovation, Trend Micro's cybersecurity platform protects hundreds of thousands of organizations and millions of individuals across clouds, networks, devices, and endpoints. As a leader in cloud and enterprise cybersecurity, the platform delivers a powerful range of advanced threat defense techniques optimized for environments like AWS, Microsoft, and Google, and central visibility for better, faster detection and response.

Read More

DATA SECURITY

Symphony Technology Group Announces the Launch of Skyhigh Security

Skyhigh Security | March 22, 2022

Symphony Technology Group (“STG”), a leading Menlo Park-based private equity firm focused on the software, data, and analytics sectors, today announced the launch of Skyhigh Security. The new portfolio company was created to satisfy the growing cloud security requirements for large and small organizations. Skyhigh Security’s unique approach extends security beyond data access to securing how the data is used. Its data-aware Security Service Edge (SSE) is built to meet the needs of the modern workforce with security that follows the data and users wherever they are. Earlier this year, STG announced it would be splitting McAfee Enterprise into two organizations—Trellix and Skyhigh Security—to better focus on the very distinct markets of Extended Detection and Response (XDR) and the SSE. At that time STG also announced that Gee Rittenhouse, who previously led Cisco’s cyber security business, would serve as CEO of the SSE business, bringing deep cloud security expertise. “Skyhigh Security has emerged as a dedicated cloud security company that is laser-focused on propelling businesses forward with a comprehensive and converged approach to data security. We’re committed to investing in this business, which is in one of the most important markets in security, SSE.” William Chisholm, managing partner, STG “With the majority of data in the cloud and users accessing it from everywhere, a new approach to security is needed,” said Rittenhouse. “Skyhigh Security has created a comprehensive security platform to secure both data access and data use via unified policies and data awareness. Organizations can now have complete visibility and control and seamlessly monitor and mitigate security risks—achieving lower associated costs, driving greater efficiencies and keeping pace with the speed of innovation.” “Organizations are at a crossroads navigating the hybrid workforce,” said Frank Dickson, vice president, IDC. “While the ‘work from anywhere’ model creates flexibility and agility, it can also be a point of security vulnerability, challenging perimeters and endpoints and opening new attack surfaces in the cloud. These organizations need a best-in-class cloud-native solution that simplifies the implementation of cloud security to protect data regardless of where it lies.” “Protecting the way data is used is as important as the way data is accessed—we must implement a powerful data-centric defense to meet the demands of how work is conducted today,” said Dan Meacham, chief information security officer, Legendary Entertainment. “Skyhigh Security’s platform approach is completely integrated and simple to use. With over 10 years focus on cloud security, they are a pioneer in the SSE space. Skyhigh Security’s innovations have been validated both by analysts and customers alike. It is truly one of the most solid and unique SSE solutions in the market today.” The Skyhigh Security SSE Portfolio includes Secure Web Gateway (SWG), Cloud Access Security Broker (CASB), Zero Trust Network Access (ZTNA), Cloud Data Loss Prevention (DLP), Remote Browser Isolation technology, Cloud Firewall and Cloud Native Application Protection Platform (CNAPP). The company was most recently named a Leader in the 2022 Gartner® Magic Quadrant™ for Security Service Edge and recognized in the 2022 Critical Capabilities for SSE for its MVISION Unified Cloud Edge (UCE) solution. About Skyhigh Security: Skyhigh Security protects organizations with cloud-native security solutions that are both data-aware and simple to use. Its market-leading Security Service Edge (SSE) Portfolio goes beyond data access and focuses on data use, allowing organizations to collaborate from any device and from anywhere without sacrificing security.

Read More

DATA SECURITY

Years of Growth Lead to Covail Acquisition by Cybersecurity Firm GoSecure

Covail | December 23, 2021

Covail, a Columbus-based cybersecurity and digital optimization firm founded by Central Ohio’s largest companies, is being acquired by a leading Managed Detection and Response firm. Covail announced today that it has agreed to be acquired by cybersecurity and managed detection and response (MDR) services provider GoSecure. The transaction is estimated to close in December 2021. Terms of the acquisition were not disclosed. “Since our founding six years ago as the Columbus Collaboratory, our goal has been to find ways to leverage collaboration to deliver successful AI, cybersecurity and cloud-based software solutions to our Fortune 500 clients,With this acquisition by GoSecure, our clients will now have access to an even broader set of capabilities and expertise thanks to our ability to leverage GoSecure’s class-leading capabilities and solutions. This will also help to further accelerate market penetration for our leading-edge security products and AI capabilities.” Covail CEO Matt Wald Covail, as Columbus Collaboratory, was born out of the aspiration of seven of the largest companies in central Ohio – American Electric Power (AEP), Battelle, Cardinal Health, Huntington Bank, L Brands (now Bath & Body Works), Nationwide, and OhioHealth – in partnership with One Columbus. The goal of the endeavor was to solve common automation, AI, and cybersecurity challenges across multiple industries. “The diversity and maturity of these founding companies made Covail the innovative, value-driven, solutions partner that it is today”, said Michael Krouse, SVP of Strategy and Transformation at Ohio Health and Chairman of the Covail Board. “Covail accelerated the cybersecurity and AI capabilities of the founding companies, upskilled critical tech talent for the region, and built a high-growth company that contributed to our region’s economic growth engine. It’s exciting to be able to leverage this strategic relationship to secure Columbus as the Midwest’s premier cybersecurity hub.” Through its ecosystem of collaborators and commercial partners, Covail’s technology teams executed over 1,000 engagements and collaboration sessions that solved complex business challenges using machine learning and the latest cyber defense practices. The firm’s work attracted top technology talent to the region, Wald said, and led to the development of software products that enabled advanced cyber threat detection and continuous risk management. GoSecure is a recognized cybersecurity leader and innovator. The company is the first and only to integrate endpoint, network and email threat detection into a single Managed Detection and Response (MDR) service. GoSecure plans to leverage Covail’s talent, proprietary technology, and client relationships to build a regional presence in Central Ohio that will help accelerate its momentum in the US market. GoSecure’s access to technology talent and partnerships made Columbus an attractive, economically viable location for a cybersecurity hub, Wald said. Wald said partnership with the original companies in the Covail firm will continue, along with an expansion to additional businesses with the goal of making Central Ohio a major U.S. cybersecurity operations center. About Covail Covail™ is a trusted solutions partner, enabling organizations to optimize through Intelligent Operations solutions that lower total risk and cost for key business functions, equipping them to transform from a position of strength. Since 2015, Covail’s experts in Cybersecurity, Artificial Intelligence (AI), and Automation have been delivering business results for leading Fortune 500 companies across industries. Trustworthy, Intelligent Operations. Accelerated. Learn more at covail.com. About GoSecure GoSecure is a recognized cybersecurity leader and innovator, pioneering the integration of endpoint, network, and email threat detection into a single Managed Detection and Response service. The GoSecure TitanTM platform delivers predictive multi-vector detection, prevention, and response to counter modern cyber threats. Titan MDR offers a detection to mitigation speed of less than 15 minutes, delivering rapid response and active mitigation services that directly touch the customers’ network and endpoints. For over 10 years, GoSecure has been helping customers better understand their security gaps and improve their organizational risk and security maturity through MDR and Advisory Services solutions delivered by one of the most trusted, skilled and experienced teams in the industry.

Read More

PLATFORM SECURITY

Contrast Security Achieves AWS DevSecOps Competency Status

Contrast Security | May 13, 2022

Contrast Security (Contrast), the leader in code security that empowers developers to secure-as-they code, announced today that it has achieved Amazon Web Services (AWS) DevOps Competency for development, security, and operations (DevSecOps) garnered by demonstrating technical proficiency and proven customer success specializing in DevSecOps. Contrast was selected as one of the official launch partners of the DevSecOps Competency by AWS, which is an extension of the DevOps category. Achieving the AWS DevOps Competency for DevSecOps differentiates Contrast Security as an AWS Partner with deep domain expertise in delivering software products that integrate security across every stage of the development and delivery cycles, including pre-, during, and post-deployment. Contrast Security is part of a small group of innovative security technologies to achieve the AWS DevSecOps Competency in its inaugural year. "We're honored to achieve AWS DevSecOps Competency status on top of the DevOps Competency status that we received last year. It is a true testament to our efforts in helping large enterprises ensure security and compliance across the entire lifecycle of their web applications and APIs running on AWS. We're looking forward to expanding our AWS capabilities so that organizations garner continuous visibility and centralized point-of-control for software risk through a single platform." Surag Patel, Chief Strategy Officer at Contrast Security By using instrumentation technology, Contrast Security is embedding self-assessment and self-protection capabilities directly into AWS applications during run-time. This enables DevSecOps teams to detect accurate code-level vulnerabilities (both custom code and open source libraries) in development and quality assurance (QA) environments, and monitor and block production applications from threats and attacks in real-time. Envestnet | Yodlee, the leading data aggregation and data analytics platform, helps consumers live better financial lives through innovative products and services created for more than 1,400 financial institutions and financial technology (FinTech) companies. The company revolutionizes financial services with its intelligent APIs, innovative applications, and advanced analytics products. With the help of Contrast Security and AWS, the company was able to seamlessly integrate new applications and accelerate its time-to-market. The AWS offerings have helped Envestnet | Yodlee launch products to market quickly and effectively. By implementing Contrast as part of their DevSecOps initiatives, Envestnet | Yodlee further secured its financial software solutions and by adopting a DevSecOps methodology, security and development teams are jointly responsible for bolstering security by essentially bringing development and operations together. "Envestnet | Yodlee requires an application security framework that is repeatable, scalable, and can find and remediate vulnerabilities by using the best software security solutions," said Saran Makam, Director of Application Security at Envestnet | Yodlee. "My team chose Contrast Security because their solution was well received by our development and security teams and because it works continuously and in real-time." About Contrast Security Contrast Security secures the code that global business relies on. It is the industry's most modern and comprehensive Code Security Platform, removing security roadblock inefficiencies and empowering enterprise developers to write and release secure application code faster. Embedding code analysis and attack prevention directly into software with instrumentation, the Contrast platform automatically detects vulnerabilities while developers write code, eliminates false positives, and provides context-specific how-to-fix guidance for easy and fast vulnerability remediation. Doing so enables application and development teams to collaborate more effectively and to innovate faster while accelerating digital transformation initiatives. This is why a growing number of the world's largest private and public sector organizations rely on Contrast to secure their applications in development and extend protection to cloud and on-premise applications in production.

Read More

Spotlight

Network Security Assessment is a holistic available service that scans the entire network to identify the potential vulnerabilities with a history of delivering viable solutions to diverse customer base.

Resources