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. https://antivirus.comodo.com/blog/comodo-news/what-is-pharming/
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WHAT IS PHARMING AND HOW TO PREVENT THESE ATTACKS
The word Pharming is coined from the words “phishing” and “farming”. It refers to the cybercrime activities such as phishing, where a website’s traffic is hacked in order to steal the sensitive data. Basically, Pharming utilizes the sequence of letters that form an Internet address that converts into an IP address to carry out the malicious activities. In order to gain access, the hacker secretly installs a Trojan or Virus on a user’s computer which quietly replaces the computer’s hosts file to direct traffic toward a fake website instead. Secondly, the hacker may infect a DNS server, thereby redirecting numerous users to unintentionally visit the fake website. The fraudulent websites are utilized by the online fraudsters to spread viruses or Trojans on the user’s computer. They are also used to gather personal details to use in identity theft. READ MORE